25 November 2013
Land as the overarching issue
Dar es Salaam, Tanzania 3rd June 2013.
Land remains a critical issue in Tanzania. Sectoral policies including planned agricultural development corridors such as Southern Agricultural Growth Corridor of Tanzania (SAGCOT) tend to overestimate the proportion of fertile land and at the same time underestimate the proportion of land that is not suitable for agriculture. The impact of environmental change on land degradation is also likely to be underestimated. Access to fertile land is an important factor behind the growing movement of population from central regions with high rates of land degradation to eastern coastal regions, although some of this movement is linked to land speculation. Land speculation also affects small-scale farmers in peri-urban areas who are bought out of their farms but have difficulties in finding alternative livelihoods; this is especially the case around Dar es Salaam and other rapidly expanding urban centres.